What to Do Before, During, and After Hurricanes in Canada?

What to Do Before, During, and After Hurricanes in Canada?

While hurricanes are mostly familiar to the tropics, they may hit Canada, especially in the Atlantic Zones. Generally, these violent storms cause unbearable havoc from high-speed winds, overflowing rainfall, and other storm surges. For that fact, preparedness is therefore very crucial for minimum risks, not only to you but also to your property. This guide will help you understand how hurricanes affect Canada, learn about those provinces that remain under constant threat, and know every detail of what to do before, during, and after a hurricane.

How Does Canada Get Hurricanes?

Most times, Canada occasionally faces hurricanes due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantic hurricane season goes on from June to November, during which the warm ocean waters form these powerful storms. As the tropical hurricanes are formed, many of them head northwards, with some ending up at the shores of Canada.

Hurricane strikes on Canada are typically remnants of more potent storms that weaken as they cross over cooler waters. Nonetheless, these events can still be accompanied by extremely high rainfall, winds, and storm surges. The track and intensity of those hurricanes are modulated by various factors, including sea surface temperatures and steering currents.

Which Province in Canada Has the Most Hurricanes?

Often, Nova Scotia occurrences rate as the most hit Canadian province whenever hurricanes occur. The fact that it lies right on the eastern seaboard makes it just right into the Atlantic Ocean; thus, chances for hurricanes are real. Most times, when hurricanes travel northward from the tropics, their path always involves the coastal communities in Nova Scotia.

Hurricane Juan in 2003 stands out. It is one of the most significant hurricanes that hit Nova Scotia. It killed many and caused massive destruction of properties. Having hit the ground as a Category 2 hurricane, the eye of the storm was reported to have landed near Halifax. The storm swiped out power lines, blew over trees, destroyed houses, and knocked down relief services for days on end with high winds.

Newfoundland and Labrador also experience hurricanes, though less often compared to Nova Scotia. The province's exposure to the North Atlantic contributes towards that. This means that, from time to time, this calamity or one of its remnants will reach its shores. An excellent case in point is Hurricane Igor in 2010. This came with record rainfall and severe flooding.

What to Do Before Hurricanes?

Preparation for hurricane safety and damage avoidance is essential and should be handled carefully. Here is a detail of what should be done to achieve this:

Stay Informed

Keep alert for local news and weather reports to know about possible hurricanes. Sign up for local alerts to receive timely updates about watches/warnings. Distinguish between a hurricane watch (this disaster is possible) and a hurricane warning (the calamity is expected).

Make a plan

Draw up a family emergency plan outlining the evacuation route and meeting places. Ensure everyone in the household knows the plan and practices it often. Planning for pets can be done by identifying the pet-friendly shelter or accommodation that is available.

Pack an emergency kit

Be ready by collecting a three-day kit, which comprises necessary supplies like water, non-perishable foodstuffs, medications, cash, and a battery radio. Include any special items for your family. These include baby supplies, pet food, and medications.

Secure Your Property

Dead tree removal and cutting down dead trees are essential for hazard reduction. Secure any outdoor furniture, decorations, or other items that might pose a threat to become dangerous projectiles. Put up storm shutters or board the windows to protect them against flying debris.

Protect Important Documents

Place all essential documents in a waterproof container, including passports, papers of insurance, and medical records. Scan and store important documents online in a safe place.

Evacuation Plan

Identify safe routes and shelters. Expect evacuation as mentioned by local authorities, especially if you live in places on the coasts or low-lying areas. Have a "go-bag" with necessary items and supplies packed for a rapid evacuation.

What to Do During Hurricanes?

During a hurricane, safety and information are vital. Abide by the following for the protection of your life and that of your family:

Evacuate if necessary

Be sure to evacuate at the behest of local authorities and stick to their announced routes.  Avoid flooded roads and washed-out bridges. Do not proceed through water-covered roads; it is better to retreat.

Stay in

Stay inside a solid structure for the duration of the hurricane. Pick a small, windowless room on the ground level—preferably not a basement. Do not stand next to windows or glass doors to avoid getting hurt in case the glass shatters.

Monitor weather updates

A battery-operated radio or a phone kept charged with local news access can be helpful in obtaining real-time updates and emergency information. Obey the orders of local authorities and emergency services.

Don't Go Near

Do not walk/swim/drive through floodwaters. As little as six inches of moving water can knock you down. Also, one foot of water can sweep a vehicle away. Avoid areas that are likely to be flooded. These include riverbanks, streams, and the coastal regions.

Avoid Hazardous Locations

Don't go outside. The strong winds and airborne objects may pose a high risk of being harmed. If the eye of the hurricane passes your area, beware to stay inside. The calm within the center of the storm only indicates it is short-lived, and dangerous winds will resume in a short period.

Be Safe with Generators

Operate the generator outside. Pick a well-ventilated location to avoid poisoning from carbon monoxide. Do not operate it indoors - not in the house, garage, or any close part of the house.

Maintain Communication

Keep your mobile phone charged, but use it only for urgent communication to save battery. Inform family and friends of your whereabouts and state. 

Prepare for Power Outages

Switch off electrical appliances. This measure is needed to avert any damages caused by energy surges when electricity is regained. Have flashlights instead of candles to lower the fire hazard.

What to Do After Hurricanes?

When the disaster has passed, there is a dire need to stay alert and take necessary measures for safety and recovery. Below is what to do:

Remain Informed

Listen to the radio or local news for information on ongoing risks and recovery efforts. Follow the guidance of local authorities if they provide information or instructions about returning to evacuated areas and re-entering homes.

Assess Damage Safely

Before entering your home, look for structural damages. These include cracks on the wall, roof, or foundation. If you suspect severe destruction, wait for a professional inspection. Avoid fallen power lines and report the situation to your utility company immediately.

Be Cautious of Hazards

Watch for debris, or sharp objects. Don't forget  hazardous materials lying around the area after the crisis. Wear personal protective gear. These include long-sleeved pants and gloves, and sturdy shoes.

Walk Away From Polluted Water

Do not use tap water until it is deemed safe by local authorities or you are sure it is safe. Boil water if in doubt about its safety. Throw away all contaminated food, including canned items.

Document Damage

Capture or take videos of the damage to your property for insurance claims. Make a detailed listing of the damaged or lost items.

Get Help

Contact your insurance firm immediately to report the destruction and initiate a claims process. If needed, seek support from local, provincial, or federal disaster assistance programs. 

Make inquiries

Contact, especially older people or people with special needs, to ensure they are safe and given the help needed. Use social media or any available means to communicate with relatives and friends to confirm that you are safe.

Home Battery Backup for Emergency Case

Home battery backups are highly recommended in situations such as hurricanes. They offer reliable power even in a grid failure for running essential devices.

BLUETTI AC300 +2*B300

This is a home solar battery backup system, built to handle your power needs. Inside the unit's panel is a 3,000W pure sine wave inverter, making it ideal for cleanliness with sensitive power electronics. At the same time, the 3,072Wh capacity, extendable to 12,288Wh, provides one with sufficient power during extended outages. The system is versatile, with seven methods of recharging and a 24/7 UPS function, ensuring the best choice for emergency preparedness. Notably, there is an impressive feature of the 5400W dual charging capability, allowing quick replenishment, which is very important in unpredictable weather conditions.

AC500 + B300S

With a 5,000W rated power rating and an increased capacity of 10,000W, power needs for even the most aggressive household appliances will be well served. The expanded capacity from 3,072Wh to 18,432Wh ensures the system meets all-power needs for days on even the most severe outages. Intelligent app control adds convenience for remote monitoring and management. Being a 240V/10KW split-phase system, it ensures maximum energy utilization. It includes 16 versatile outlets catering to almost all devices. Thus, the AC500 is the perfect solution if you're looking for a reliable and complete home backup source.

Final Thoughts

To sum up, hurricanes are one of the greatest threats to the provinces in the Atlantic region of Canada. As a result, learning about dynamics and impact in those areas is crucial for you to be better prepared in the face of such powerful storms. Be sure to implement proactive steps before, during, and after the hurricane. These measures are crucial to remain safe and mitigate damage. Also, investing in a home battery backup is pivotal. The system ensures you have reliable power in cases of emergency. It further improves your overall sense of preparation and peace of mind.

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